Males attempt to intimidate each other through posturing, roaring, head swinging, urinating on forefeet with strong scent markers, displaying broadsides to show size, and headbutting. During headbutting, males face each other up to 45 meters apart, then charge up to 20 or 25 miles per hour and crash together on the horn bosses. They can repeat this procedure up to 10 or 12 times or until one of the males cannot continue or runs away. This behavior is rarely fatal. Males that compete for dominance are typically between the ages of 6 and 8 years old.
Older bulls are usually not strong enough, and younger males are typically not large enough, to compete. Competition between bulls sometimes results in solitary males.
Once dominance is determined, a bull attempts to keep the females close together to defend them from other males. Dominant males may breed multiple times with each female during one season. Young muskoxen and non-dominant bulls typically keep their distance from the breeding harem. Ovibos moschatus breeds from late August into September and gives birth between mid-April and mid-May.
Muskoxen usually have single offspring after a gestation of about 8 months. Twins are very rare and do not usually survive. Generally within 45 minutes of birth, calves are standing and nursing. Calves typically weigh 9 to 11 kg at birth and can gain up to 0. Though calves are born with a layer of baby qiviut and brown fat, they are dependent upon their mothers for warmth and food for the first winter of their lives, sometimes longer.
Calves start eating adult food within weeks of birth, although they continue to nurse for 10 months to 1 year, sometimes longer depending on food availability, birth of a new calf, or temperament of the cow. Muskox calves follow their mothers and hide underneath the mother's skirt of guard hair. Females typically reach sexual maturity between 1 to 4 years of age, depending on body condition, and will calve alternate years.
Calving every year is possible if food sources are available. Males typically reach sexual maturity between 3 and 4 years. Although they are fully furred and able to stand from birth, calves are dependent upon their mothers for milk, warmth from their bodies and fur, and protection.
Sonia Sotomayor: Una sabia decision
Though calves can generally eat adult food within weeks of birth, to gain sufficient body weight to survive through the winter they require milk from their mothers. For warmth, calves often lie with their mother, or stand underneath her skirt next to her belly. During attack from predators, the calves are often pushed behind the rumps of the adults, or into the middle of a circle formation.
Mothers also teach calves the social hierarchy behaviors by playing "games" such as king of the mountain, and mock headbutting. However, since these animals are social, it is likely that the adult male in a herd helps to protect the young in the herd. Ovibos moschatus lives in very harsh climates and harsh winters may cause death for young calves as well as older adults. Females typically live 15 to 18 years though some older than 20 years have been recorded in the wild and in captivity.
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Males typically only live 10 to 12 years, as the breeding season is very strenuous. Adult muskoxen typically die through the inability to properly digest food because of excessive wear on molar teeth, or as a result of predation. Ovibos moschatus is a social species and much of the behavior is based on the harem breeding system. Muskoxen live in herds as small as 5 animals during the summer, and may join with other small groups to form herds as large as 60 individuals in the winter.
These larger groups help provide for protection from both the elements and predators. Loved this story! Richardson has given us another winner of a book! Her two protagonists were so well developed. The backdrop of the Winter Olympics in Vancouver really creates intensity and excitement and intrigue as well as the love story between Nikki and Eva.
Overall a wonderful story! Mar 20, Victoria rated it it was amazing Shelves: favorites. A book about hockey? All I can say is And it's a well written one by Ms. Richardson, who knows the sport probably like the back of her hand. Throw in an equal amount of romance and some unethical behavior by certain members of the main teams and you have a well rounded book that held my interest from beginning to end.
This book is definitely 1 of my favorites by this author. Feb 20, Brooke Carr rated it it was amazing. Tracey Richardson gives us one of her best books as she centers her story around a sport that is as important to her as it is to main characters Eva and Niki. This story of first loves unexpectedly rekindling their passionate romance, when each have grown and fulfilled different pieces of their lives, was amazing. The writing quality was excellent. The depth of the story in the solidity of the background provided, the insight into the characters present lives and what drives them to try to chang Tracey Richardson gives us one of her best books as she centers her story around a sport that is as important to her as it is to main characters Eva and Niki.
The Dissonant Legacy of Modernismo
The depth of the story in the solidity of the background provided, the insight into the characters present lives and what drives them to try to change course back to each other, and the suspense of Eva and Niki working together to ensure the powers that plotted against them in the past don't have a chance to spoil their love, or their beloved sport, was so satisfying.
This book will leave your reader's mind happy and your heart whole. Feb 14, Jasmine rated it it was amazing. With the Olympics starting, I finally purchased and read this book. I'm so glad I did! I loved this beyond words. It's probably one of my favourite books ever.
I'll definitely be buying the paperback for my collection. The balance of romance and tension was so darn good. As well, I loved the way the author captured the incredible feeling you get when you skate. Sharp blades and the cold air. So perfect. And oh my goodness, the way the author captured the energy of the crowd chanting "Ca-na-da. I felt like I was there, or even watching the game on TV. It was so darn real, and so inspiring, and very nearly made me tear up! Brilliant book. And brilliant show by my home country! I love the storyline it was well written and with the winter Olympics going on right now.
The characters were believable and I could see them. I definitely recommend this book. Delay of game fantastical I really loved the characters. Eva sounded totally hot with a Italian butch flare and Nik seemed mature and athletic and capable and a mom who really loves her daughter. They were super steamy together.
I gave 4 instead of 5 because the plot was a little weak in some areas i. Nik not coaching then suddenly coaching, Eva having things happen at the end that don't fly with her personality. The bad guys just suddenly disappear at the end and there wasn't a satisfying mo Delay of game fantastical I really loved the characters. The bad guys just suddenly disappear at the end and there wasn't a satisfying moment of in thier face thing at the end.
I liked the Hockey chapter titles but there was very little hockey scenes and very little game time details. Although Eva got to show off. I was hoping Nik would get on the ice and show some of her team her hockey playing skills. Great read.
I was hopeless to NOT like this book; it is about women and hockey.. I liked the intrigue and the scandal, the chemistry and the characters, and obviously the hockey.
You want to cheer for the players, you want to be in the locker room, you want a specific team to win. I do tire of books that as soon as there is any sort of relationship advancement that the characters jump to cutesy nicknames like "lov I was hopeless to NOT like this book; it is about women and hockey.. I do tire of books that as soon as there is any sort of relationship advancement that the characters jump to cutesy nicknames like "lover" and "my love" as I find that wholly unrealistic, however I was able to overlook this while wondering what was going to happen next in the games and deceit.
This is a good, quick read, and I really enjoyed it. Mar 29, Joni rated it it was amazing. What happens when you get a second chance? Eva and Niki were lovers, split apart by high profile hockey pressure, and some outside hijinks. Fast forward several years, Eva is still playing, and mourning the loss of the love of her life. Niki is widowed, with a cute kid. And they once again meet on ice. Can they recreate what they had? A well written, fast paced romance, set in the world of women's hockey.
- AP/CP survey: NHL players dislike delay of game rule.
- Wikipedia:Café/Abril de 2005.
- The Secret Agent (The Penguin English Library)?
Instead, the Islanders were given a penalty, and the Sharks won the game on a four-on-three power-play goal by Brent Burns. Amazon Advertising Find, attract, and engage customers. Amazon Drive Cloud storage from Amazon.